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  • 如何提高手术室建设工程的使用效果?

    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com/ 发布时间:2022-04-29
    以前,一般认为室外尘菌可能通过窗的缝隙潜入手术室内,而且手术室又不依赖天然采用,故在微生物实验室净化装修设计中一般不设窗户。但近年心理学研究表明,在无窗的微生物实验室净化装修中,医护人员及病患者因与外界完全隔绝,都容易产生抑郁、“被监禁”等不好感觉,不利于手术顺利进行(尤其是时间较长的大型手术)。
    Previously, it was generally believed that outdoor dust bacteria may sneak into the operating room through the gap of the window, and the operating room does not rely on natural use, so windows are generally not set in the purification and decoration design of the microbiology laboratory. However, recent psychological studies have shown that in the purification and decoration of windowless microbiology laboratory, medical staff and patients are prone to depression, imprisonment and other bad feelings due to their complete isolation from the outside world, which is not conducive to the smooth operation (especially large-scale surgery with a long time).
    因而微生物实验室净化装修可根据实际情况,适当设置窗户,改善手术室内的环境气氛,同时利于室外医护人员及时了解手术情况,不必入内即可与室内人员进行沟通。窗户宜选用防尘密闭性能好的双层窗,窗应与内墙表面平。
    Therefore, according to the actual situation, the purification and decoration of the microbiology laboratory can appropriately set up windows to improve the environmental atmosphere in the operating room. At the same time, it is conducive to the outdoor medical staff to understand the operation in time, and can communicate with the indoor staff without entering the room. The windows should be double-layer windows with good dust-proof and sealing performance, and the windows should be level with the inner wall surface.
    微生物实验室净化装修
    手术室门位设置与气流流向和手术床有很大关系,在水平层流手术室,门位设在下风向,在其他手术室,门设在病人脚的方向,可以防止进出人流对病人的影响。为避免因门扇的开、关而影响气流的组织,微生物实验室净化装修各门均宜采用自动感应式或脚触开关式电动推拉门;同时,各门应具有延时装置,避免术中人员频繁出入而出现“开着门做手术”的现象。
    The setting of the door position of the operating room is closely related to the air flow direction and the operating table. In the horizontal laminar flow operating room, the door position is set in the downwind direction, and in other operating rooms, the door is set in the direction of the patient's feet, which can prevent the influence of the flow of people in and out on the patient. In order to avoid affecting the organization of air flow due to the opening and closing of the door leaf, all doors of the purification and decoration of the microbiology laboratory should adopt automatic induction or foot touch switch electric sliding doors; At the same time, each door should have a time-delay device to avoid the phenomenon of "surgery with the door open" due to frequent access of personnel during the operation.
    各类手术室的色调处理以绿色系为理想,因绿色与血液的红色互为补色,能减轻医护人员的用眼疲劳,并有促进病者心理平静的作用。另外,应注意墙壁上的附属装嵌部件与墙板颜色的协调。地板颜色应避免与墙面雷同,可有所变化,起到区分界面,丰富室内色彩的作用。
    Green is the ideal color for all kinds of operating rooms. Because green and red of blood complement each other, it can reduce the eye fatigue of medical staff and promote the psychological calm of patients. In addition, attention should be paid to the coordination of the color of the accessory mounting parts on the wall and the wallboard. The color of the floor should not be the same as that of the wall, which can be changed to distinguish the interface and enrich the indoor color.
    维持微生物实验室净化装修室内的高洁净度,降低术后感染率应是一个全过程控制的系统工程,除本文所及外,还应从手术部的洁污分区、流线控制、净化空调设计等方面全面考虑。
    Maintaining the high cleanliness of the purification and decoration room of the microbiology laboratory and reducing the postoperative infection rate should be a systematic project of the whole process control. In addition to what is mentioned in this paper, we should also comprehensively consider the cleaning partition, streamline control, purification air conditioning design and other aspects of the operating Department.
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