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  • 实验室总体设计规划的基本标准!
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2019-08-26
      现代实验室不是简单的一两个实验室家具放在一起,而是一个系统工程,一个整体的实验室规划空间布局,实验区必须符合一定的空间标准。以下是参考实验室总体设计和规划标准的专用图书《实验室设计与建设指南》。
      Modern laboratory is not a simple one or two laboratory furniture put together, but a system engineering, a whole laboratory planning space layout, the experimental area must meet certain space standards. The following is a special book "Guide to Laboratory Design and Construction" which refers to the general design and planning standards of laboratories.
      实验室设计与规划,实验室三维制图
      Lab Design and Planning, Lab Three-Dimensional Drawing
      1. 室内高度
      1. Indoor Height
      常规实验室、研究室室内高度:未设置空调时,不低于2.7 m;设置空调时,应不低于2.40m。过道的净空高度不应低于2.2米。专用实验室的室内净高应根据实验仪器设备的尺寸、安装和维护的要求确定。
      The indoor height of conventional laboratories and research rooms should be no less than 2.7 m without air conditioning and no less than 2.40 m with air conditioning. The clearance height of the corridor should not be less than 2.2 meters. The indoor net height of the special laboratory should be determined according to the requirements of the size, installation and maintenance of the experimental instruments and equipment.
      2,工作室
      2. Studio
      传统实验室的标准细胞大小应由试验台的宽度、布置和间距决定。试验台平行布置的标准单元不得小于6.60m。
      The standard cell size of traditional laboratories should be determined by the width, layout and spacing of the test bed. Standard units arranged parallel to the test bench shall not be less than 6.60 M.
      3、深
      3. Deep
      常规实验室单元的深度由试验台的长度、通风柜和实验设备的布置确定,不小于6.60m,无通风柜时不小于5.70m。
      The depth of the conventional laboratory unit is determined by the length of the test bed, the arrangement of the ventilation cabinet and the experimental equipment, not less than 6.60 m, and not less than 5.70 m without the ventilation cabinet.
      4、窗口
      4. Window
      科学实验楼的采暖空调应在满足采光要求的前提下,减少外部窗户的面积。室外装有空调的窗户应具有良好的密封性和保温性,并应配备不少于三分之一的窗面积可打开窗框。一层、半地下室和地下室的外窗应采取病虫害防治措施。
      The heating and air conditioning of scientific laboratory building should reduce the area of external windows on the premise of meeting the lighting requirements. Outdoor windows equipped with air conditioning should have good sealing and thermal insulation, and should be equipped with not less than one third of the window area to open the window frame. Disease and pest control measures should be taken for the windows of the first floor, semi-basement and basement.
      5,门
      5, gate
      由1/2标准单元组成的实验室门的宽度不得小于1米,高度不得小于2.1米。由一个或多个标准部件组成的实验室门的宽度和高度不得分别小于1.2米和2.1米。对有特殊要求的房间,应根据具体情况确定门的尺寸。实验室门应装有观察窗。
    实验室装修
      The width and height of laboratory doors composed of 1/2 standard units shall not be less than 1 meter and 2.1 meter respectively. The width and height of a laboratory door consisting of one or more standard components shall not be less than 1.2 m and 2.1 m, respectively. For rooms with special requirements, the size of doors should be determined according to specific conditions. Laboratory doors should be equipped with observation windows.
      6. 设备间距
      6. Equipment spacing
      吗?设置在墙体两侧的侧试验台的净距不得小于1.5 m。当排毒柜或实验设备的布置图取代一侧墙面时,其与实验台另一侧的净距离不得小于1.8 m。在由标准单元组成的常规实验室中,设置在墙壁两侧的侧试验台与设置在房间中间的岛或半岛中心试验台之间的净距离不应小于1.5 m。放置解毒柜或实验设备时,与实验台的净距离不得小于1.8 m。试验台端面与走廊墙的净距离不应小于1.2 m。
      Is the net distance of the side test bench installed on both sides of the wall not less than 1.5 m? When the layout of the detoxification cabinet or experimental equipment replaces one side of the wall, the net distance between the detoxification cabinet and the other side of the experimental platform shall not be less than 1.8 M. In a conventional laboratory consisting of standard units, the net distance between the side test bench on both sides of the wall and the island or peninsula center test bench in the middle of the room should not be less than 1.5 m. When the detoxification cabinet or experimental equipment is placed, the net distance between the detoxification cabinet and the experimental platform shall not be less than 1.8 M. The net distance between the end of the test bed and the corridor wall should not be less than 1.2 m.
      7. 试验台布置图
      7. Layout of test bed
      普通试验台有岛式或半岛式中心试验台、侧试验台。不适宜将边缘试验台布置在窗外靠墙的位置,岛式或半岛式中心试验台不应与外窗平行布置。当必须与外窗平行布置时,与外壁的净距离不得小于1.3 m。
      Ordinary test-bed has island or peninsula central test-bed and side test-bed. It is not suitable to place the edge test bench near the wall outside the window. The island or peninsula central test bench should not be arranged parallel to the outer window. When it must be arranged parallel to the outer window, the net distance from the outer wall should not be less than 1.3 M.
      8. 排毒柜布局
      8. Layout of Detoxification Cabinet
      (1)两个排毒柜的推荐放置空间为3m,排毒柜和中心站的小推荐放置空间为1.8m,排毒柜和墙面的推荐放置空间为1.8m。为排毒柜预留1米无干扰区域和1米建议走道。
      (1) The recommended space for two detoxification cabinets is 3m, the minimum recommended space for detoxification cabinets and central stations is 1.8m, and the recommended space for detoxification cabinets and walls is 1.8m. Reserve 1 meter non-interference area and 1 meter recommended corridor for detoxification cabinet.
      (2)排毒柜与墙面的距离为0.30m。建议排毒柜侧面对门的小空间为1m。排毒柜正面门小距离为1.8 m。
      (2) The distance between the detoxification cabinet and the wall is 0.30m. It is suggested that the minimum space of side-to-door of detoxification cabinet should be 1m. The minimum distance of front door of detoxification cabinet is 1.8 M.
      如果在实验室的规划设计中没有一定的空间标准,实验室就会存在安全隐患,后果不堪设想。实验室的总体设计和规划必须坚持科学合理的原则,明确区分,畅通无阻,互不干扰,安全卫生。
      If there is no certain space standard in the planning and design of the laboratory, there will be potential safety hazards in the laboratory, with unimaginable consequences. The overall design and planning of laboratories must adhere to the principle of scientific and rational, clear distinction, unimpeded, non-interference, safety and hygiene.