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  • 无菌室装修设计的标准有哪些?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2020-12-25
    无菌室一般也可以称为接种室,是系统接种、纯化菌种等无菌操作专用的实验室。在微生物工作中,菌种的接种移植是一项主要操作,这项操作的特点就是要保证菌种纯种,防止杂菌的污染。因此无菌室的装修是十分重要的。下面为您介绍下无菌室装修设计的规范。
    Aseptic room, also known as inoculation room, is a special laboratory for systematic inoculation, purification of bacteria and other aseptic operations. In the microbial work, the inoculation and transplantation of bacteria is a main operation. The characteristic of this operation is to ensure the purity of bacteria and prevent the pollution of miscellaneous bacteria. Therefore, the decoration of aseptic room is very important. The following is to introduce the aseptic room decoration design specifications.
    无菌室应根据既经济又科学的原则来设置。其基本要求有以下几点:
    Aseptic room should be set up according to the principle of economy and science. The basic requirements are as follows:
    (1)无菌室应有内、外两间,内间是无菌室,外间是缓冲室。房间容积不宜过大,以便于空气灭菌。内间面积2×2.5=5m2,外间面积1×2=2m2,高以2.5m以下为宜,都应有天花板。
    无菌室装修
    (1) There should be two sterile rooms inside and outside. The inside is sterile room and the outside is buffer room. The room volume should not be too large for air sterilization. The area of the inner room is 2 × 2.5 = 5m2, the area of the outer room is 1 × 2 = 2M2, and the height is less than 2.5m. There should be ceiling.
    (2)内间应当设拉门,以减少空气的波动,门应设在离工作台比较远的位置上;外间的门也用拉门,要设在距内间比较远的位置上。
    (2) The inner room should be equipped with sliding door to reduce the fluctuation of air, and the door should be set far away from the workbench; the outer room should also be equipped with sliding door, which should be set far away from the inner room.
    (3)在分隔内间与外间的墙壁或“隔扇”上,应开一个小窗,作接种过程中必要的内外传递物品的通道,以减少人员进出内间的次数,降低污染程度。小窗宽60cm、高40cm、厚30cm,内外都挂对拉的窗扇。
    (3) In order to reduce the number of people passing in and out of the wall, a partition should be made between the inside and outside windows. The small window is 60cm in width, 40cm in height and 30cm in thickness, and the inside and outside are hung with opposite sashes.
    (4)无菌室容积小而严密,使用一段时间后,室内温度很高,故应设置通气窗。通气窗应设在内室进门处的顶棚上(即离工作台比较远的位置),建议为双层结构,外层为百叶窗,内层可用抽板式窗扇。通气窗可在内室使用后、灭菌前开启,以流通空气。有条件可安装恒温恒湿机。
    (4) The volume of aseptic room is small and tight. After using for a period of time, the indoor temperature is very high, so ventilation window should be set. The ventilation window should be set on the ceiling at the entrance of the inner room (i.e. the position far away from the worktable). It is suggested that it should be a double-layer structure, the outer layer should be a shutter, and the inner layer can be a plate type window sash. The ventilation window can be opened after use and before sterilization to circulate air. If possible, a constant temperature and humidity machine can be installed.
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