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  • 无菌室建设有哪些需要注意的地方?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-05-27
    无菌实验室和普通的实验室不同,无菌实验室主要用于生物化学、生物医学、微生物学、动物实验、基因重组以及生物制品等研究使用的实验室,统称为洁净实验室。因此无菌实验室装修在设应当注意什么呢?列举出以下几条注意事项,希望大家能对无菌实验室的设计有所了解。
    Aseptic laboratory is different from ordinary laboratory. Aseptic laboratory is mainly used in biochemistry, biomedicine, microbiology, animal experiment, gene recombination and biological products research, which is collectively referred to as clean laboratory. So what should we pay attention to in the design of aseptic laboratory decoration? List the following points for attention, I hope you can understand the design of sterile laboratory.
    1、样品的转运和人员流动:分配实验室区域,首先应考虑工作流程、样品的转运和流转、生物安全因素等。
    1. Sample transfer and personnel flow: when allocating laboratory areas, the workflow, sample transfer and flow, and biosafety factors should be considered first.
    2、灵活性:实验室设计能否适应未来发展变化的需要是至关重要的。
    2. Flexibility: whether the laboratory design can adapt to the needs of future development and change is crucial.
    3、安全性:实验室的设计和大小应考虑安全性,满足紧急清除和疏散出口的建筑规则,针对各实验室情况配备安全设备。距危险化学试剂30米内,应设有紧急洗眼处和淋浴室。所有的实验室和与污染物直接接触的地方均应安装洗手池,将洗手池设在出口处。洗手池应是独立专用的,不能与污染物处理及实验混用。
    3. Safety: the design and size of the laboratory should consider safety, meet the building rules of emergency clearance and evacuation exit, and be equipped with safety equipment according to the situation of each laboratory. Emergency eye wash and shower room should be set within 30 meters from hazardous chemicals. All laboratories and places in direct contact with pollutants shall be equipped with hand washing pools, which shall be set at the exit. The hand washing basin should be independent and special, and should not be mixed with pollutant treatment and experiment.
                                 无菌室装修
    4、设立烟雾罩和安全设施:任何安全罩的放置均应尽量远离出口处,以符合有害实验远离主通道的原则。装修实验室要求材料防潮、耐腐蚀、不掉色;要求充分考虑实验室的墙壁、天花板和地面应平整、易清洁、不渗水、耐化学品和消毒剂的腐蚀;门窗的密闭性,建议使用推拉式门,所有实验室要求无门槛;地面建议使用水磨石或防滑地砖。
    4. Set up smoke hood and safety facilities: any safety hood should be placed as far away from the exit as possible, in order to comply with the principle of harmful experiments away from the main channel. The materials of decoration laboratory are required to be moisture-proof, corrosion-resistant and colorless; It is required that the walls, ceiling and floor of the laboratory should be flat, easy to clean, impermeable and resistant to the corrosion of chemicals and disinfectants; For the airtightness of doors and windows, it is recommended to use push-pull doors, and all laboratories are required to have no threshold; Terrazzo or anti-skid tiles are recommended for the floor.
    5、实验台面应防水,耐腐蚀、耐热。实验室边台墙面和教师讲台各配备两组多功能插座,实验操作台采用带储物柜式的,台面设计药品架,桌台设计应考虑方便实验操作,如桌台下方略凹能容纳坐姿实验者的双腿,实验桌台每隔1m左右(或者每组实验台)设立两组多功能插座等。实验室中的家具应牢固,为便于清洁,各种家具和设备之间应保持一定间隙,应有专门放置生物学废弃物容器的台(或架)。
    5. The experimental table should be waterproof, corrosion-resistant and heat-resistant. There are two groups of multi-functional sockets on the wall of the side platform of the laboratory and the teacher's platform respectively. The experimental console adopts the type with storage cabinet, and the table is designed with drug rack. The design of the table should consider the convenience of experimental operation, such as the concave under the table can accommodate the legs of the sitting experimenter, and the experimental table is set with two groups of multi-functional sockets every 1m or so (or each group of experimental table). The furniture in the laboratory should be firm. In order to facilitate cleaning, there should be a certain gap between all kinds of furniture and equipment, and there should be a special platform (or rack) for biological waste containers.
    感谢您的阅读,希望以上内容对您有所帮助,如您想了解更多精彩内容请点击我们的官网:无菌室装修http://www.jnyhrs.com
    Thank you for reading, hope the above content is helpful to you, if you want to know more wonderful content, please click our official website: aseptic room decoration http://www.jnyhrs.com .