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  • 微生物无菌室装修设计要注意什么?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-09-22
    无菌室也称接种室,是系统接种、纯化菌种等无菌操作的专用实验室。在微生物工作中,菌种的接种移植是一项主要操作,这项操作的特点就是要保证菌种纯种,防止杂菌的污染。在一般环境的空气中,由于存在许多尘埃和杂菌,很易造成污染,对接种工作干扰很大。iwuchen为您介绍微生物无菌室装修设计规范化。
    Aseptic room, also known as inoculation room, is a special laboratory for aseptic operations such as systematic inoculation and purification of bacteria. In microbial work, inoculation and transplantation of strains is a main operation. The characteristic of this operation is to ensure pure strains and prevent contamination by miscellaneous bacteria. In the air of the general environment, due to the existence of many dust and miscellaneous bacteria, it is easy to cause pollution and greatly interfere with the vaccination work. Iwuchen introduces the standardization of decoration design of microbial sterile room.
    无菌室应根据既经济又科学的原则来设置。其基本要求有以下几点:
    Aseptic rooms should be set up according to both economic and scientific principles. The basic requirements are as follows:
    (1)无菌室应有内、外两间,内间是无菌室,外间是缓冲室。房间容积不宜过大,以便于空气灭菌。内间面积2×2.5=5m2,外间面积1×2=2m2,高以2.5m以下为宜,都应有天花板。
    (1) The aseptic room should have two rooms, one inside is aseptic room and the other outside is buffer room. The room volume should not be too large to facilitate air sterilization. Internal area 2 × 2.5 = 5m2, external area 1 × 2 = 2M2, the height should be less than 2.5m, and there should be a ceiling.
    无菌室装修
    (2)内间应当设拉门,以减少空气的波动,门应设在离工作台更远的位置上;外间的门更好也用拉门,要设在距内间更远的位置上。
    (2) Sliding door shall be set in the interior to reduce air fluctuation, and the door shall be set at the farthest position from the workbench; It is better to use sliding door for the door of the outer room, which shall be set at the farthest position from the inner room.
    (3)在分隔内间与外间的墙壁或“隔扇”上,应开一个小窗,作接种过程中必要的内外传递物品的通道,以减少人员进出内间的次数,降低污染程度。小窗宽60cm、高40cm、厚30cm,内外都挂对拉的窗扇。
    (3) A small window shall be opened on the wall or "partition" separating the inner and outer rooms as a necessary channel for internal and external transfer of goods during the vaccination process, so as to reduce the number of personnel entering and leaving the inner room and reduce the degree of pollution. The small window is 60cm wide, 40cm high and 30cm thick, and opposite sashes are hung inside and outside.
    (4)无菌室容积小而严密,使用一段时间后,室内温度很高,故应设置通气窗。通气窗应设在内室进门处的顶棚上(即离工作台更远的位置),更好为双层结构,外层为百叶窗,内层可用抽板式窗扇。通气窗可在内室使用后、灭菌前开启,以流通空气。有条件可安装恒温恒湿机。
    (4) The volume of the sterile room is small and tight. After use for a period of time, the indoor temperature is very high, so a ventilation window should be set. The ventilation window shall be set on the ceiling at the entrance of the inner room (i.e. the farthest position from the workbench), preferably double-layer structure, the outer layer is louver, and the inner layer can use extraction plate sash. The ventilation window can be opened after the inner chamber is used and before sterilization to circulate air. If possible, a constant temperature and humidity machine can be installed.