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  • 无菌室暖通及照明要点事项
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-11-17
    无菌室平面规划要点
    Key points of plane planning of sterile room
    以CEIDI西递总包承建的某医学检验产品中试基地无菌实验室为例。为了满足无菌要求,CEIDI西递在规划无菌室时,入口避开了走廊,设在细菌检验操作室内。无菌室与操作室用两道缓冲间隔开,且两室之间设有双层窗构成小通道。
    Taking the aseptic Laboratory of a pilot test base of medical testing products contracted by ceidi Xidi as an example. In order to meet the sterility requirements, when ceidi Xidi planned the sterile room, the entrance avoided the corridor and was set in the bacterial test operation room. The sterile room and the operation room are separated by two buffers, and a double-layer window is set between the two rooms to form a small channel.
    无菌实验室入口处需分别设有人员和物料的净化设施,比如洗手设施和更衣室。
    The entrance of sterile laboratory shall be equipped with purification facilities for personnel and materials, such as hand washing facilities and dressing room.
    无菌室暖通及照明要点
    Key points of HVAC and lighting in sterile room
    无菌实验室温度控制在15~27℃之间,湿度控制在50%以下为宜。
    The temperature of aseptic laboratory should be controlled between 15 ~ 27 ℃ and the humidity should be controlled below 50%.
    无菌实验室需安装有效的通风设备,使空气流向从清洁区域流向非清洁区域。采用机械通风时,换气量应大于3次/小时。
    实验室装修
    The sterile laboratory shall be equipped with effective ventilation equipment to make the air flow from the clean area to the non clean area. When mechanical ventilation is adopted, the air exchange rate shall be greater than 3 times / hour.
    在无菌室内,CEIDI西递每3平米就安装了一盏30w紫外灯,以达到杀菌作用。除了紫外灯,无菌室还可采用薰蒸和喷雾这两种方法来灭菌消毒。无菌室使用较长时间或者污染较严重时,可采用薰蒸,这是彻底灭菌的措施;喷雾和紫外线灭菌则是在每次使用无菌室前进行,正常来说,紫外线灯照射30~60min就能达到很好的杀菌效果。
    In the sterile room, ceidi Xidi has installed a 30W UV lamp every 3 square meters to achieve sterilization. In addition to ultraviolet lamps, asepsis room can also use fumigation and spray these two ways to sterilize. When the aseptic room is used for a long time or seriously polluted, fumigation can be used, which is a measure of thorough sterilization; Spraying and ultraviolet sterilization are carried out every time before using the asepsis room. Normally, the ultraviolet lamp can irradiate 30~60min to achieve a good bactericidal effect.
    上海湾区生物医药港微生物无菌实验室装修要点解析
    Analysis on key points of decoration of microbial aseptic laboratory in Shanghai Bay Area biomedical port
    无菌室只有保持一个相对无菌的环境,才能对某种特定的已知微生物进行研究,为样品提供保护,保证实验结果的准确性乃至实验人员的生命安全。所以控菌能力和控菌稳定性是无菌室的核心验收指标,业内通行的验收标准为100级洁净区平板杂菌数平均不得超过1个菌落,10000级洁净室平均不得超过3个菌落,如超过限度,需要对微生物无菌实验室进行彻底消毒直至重复检查合乎要求为止。
    Only by maintaining a relatively sterile environment can the aseptic room study a specific known microorganism, provide protection for samples, ensure the accuracy of experimental results and even the life safety of experimental personnel. Therefore, the ability and stability of bacteria control are the core acceptance indicators of the sterile room. The accepted standard in the industry is that the average number of miscellaneous bacteria on the plate in class 100 clean area shall not exceed 1 colony, and the average number of bacteria in class 10000 clean room shall not exceed 3 colonies. If it exceeds the limit, the microbial sterile laboratory shall be thoroughly disinfected until the repeated inspection meets the requirements.