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  • 实验室安全储存危险化学品需要怎么做?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2020-10-12
    ① 对于危险化学品的存放,可以专门设立一个房间作为存放室,也可以在药品仓库内设置专柜。存放室(专柜)应有坚固的防盗措施,实行双人双锁专人管理,还要有窗帘、温度计和湿度计。有条件的单位应安装监控设施。
    ① For the storage of hazardous chemicals, a special room can be set up as a storage room, or a special counter can be set up in the drug warehouse. The storage room (counter) should be equipped with solid anti-theft measures, double locks and special personnel management, as well as curtains, thermometers and hygrometers. Units with conditions shall install monitoring facilities.
    ② 存放室(专柜)只能用于存放危险化学品,其他常规化学试剂及仪器均不应与其放于一处。危险化学品的存放应按照防止不同种类药品间相互反应的原则,实现分类存放。酸性物质与碱性物质分开,易燃品与氧化剂分开,毒品与酸分开。
    ② The storage room (counter) can only be used to store hazardous chemicals, and other conventional chemical reagents and instruments should not be placed in the same place. The storage of hazardous chemicals should be in accordance with the principle of preventing the mutual reaction between different kinds of drugs to achieve classified storage. Acidic substances are separated from alkaline substances, inflammables are separated from oxidants, and drugs are separated from acids.
    ③ 每个药品存放室(专柜)都要安装排风扇,定期换气,每个药品橱柜的排气管道应通向室外,防止因室内药品浓度过大而发生爆炸或药品因空气潮湿而变质。
    实验室装修
    ③ Exhaust fans shall be installed in each drug storage room (special cabinet) for regular air exchange. The exhaust pipe of each medicine cabinet shall be led to the outdoor to prevent explosion due to excessive concentration of drugs in the room or deterioration of drugs due to humidity in the air.
    ④ 存放室的照明和电器应是防爆的,并且是专线专用。
    ④ The lighting and electrical appliances in the storage room should be explosion-proof and dedicated to special lines.
    ⑤ 存放室内外均应根据所存放的危险化学品特性配备灭火器具,例如:泡沫灭火器、干粉灭火器或二氧化碳灭火器等,灭火器具应定期检查,确保安全有效。
    5. Indoor and outdoor storage should be equipped with fire extinguishers according to the characteristics of dangerous chemicals stored, such as foam extinguishers, dry powder extinguishers or carbon dioxide fire extinguishers. Fire extinguishers should be regularly checked to ensure safety and effectiveness.
    ⑥ 工作人员应熟练掌握灭火器的性能和操作方法。
    ⑥ The staff should be familiar with the performance and operation method of fire extinguisher.
    ⑦ 有条件的单位应安装自动报警装置。
    ⑦ Units with conditions shall be equipped with automatic alarm devices.