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  • 如何建立规划实验室?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-04-21
    1.合理定位,科学规划。
    1. Reasonable positioning and scientific planning.
    在构建实验室的流程中,“构”的部分至关重要,它包括了实验室的定位和规划,是整个实验室建设的基础和灵魂。
    In the process of building a professional laboratory, the part of "construction" is very important, which includes the positioning and planning of the laboratory, and is the foundation and soul of the whole laboratory construction.
    实验室定位是指:实验室在、国内的定位(要达到一个什么样的水准?);实验室在行业(系统)内的定位;实验室在社会中的定位(行使政府职能?第三方检测?通用实验室?)实验室在所处地理区域的定位。
    Laboratory positioning refers to: the international and domestic positioning of the laboratory (what kind of level should it reach?); the positioning of the laboratory in the industry (system); the positioning of the laboratory in the society (performing government functions? Third party testing? General laboratory?) and the positioning of the laboratory in the geographical area.
    实验室规划包括两个方面:一是实验室建筑规划,二是实验室工艺规划。实验室建筑规划包括建筑外观、风格、高度、园区布局等;实验室建设之前,调查实验室需求的过程实际上就是确定整个实验室3~5年规划的过程,因此需要进行大量前期调研工作,既要明晰自身的需求和未来的发展方向又要广泛地考察相关单位已建成的实验室,学习其经验和教训。
    Laboratory planning includes two aspects: one is laboratory building planning, the other is laboratory process planning. Laboratory building planning includes building appearance, style, height, park layout, etc; Before the construction of the laboratory, the process of investigating the needs of the laboratory is actually the process of determining the 3-5-year plan of the whole laboratory. Therefore, a lot of preliminary research work needs to be carried out. It is necessary not only to clarify its own needs and future development direction, but also to extensively investigate the laboratories that have been built by relevant units and learn their experiences and lessons.
                                 实验室装修
    2. 实验室设计应先于土建设计。
    2. Laboratory design should be prior to civil engineering design.
    “构”应先于“建”,只有“构”清楚了,才可以开始“建”。就是用的手段将抽象构思进行具体实现的过程,包括实验室设计、安装、调试、维护和升级等。
    "Construction" should precede "construction". Only when "construction" is clear can "construction" begin. It is the process of realizing the abstract idea with professional means, including laboratory design, installation, debugging, maintenance and upgrading.
    目前,我国对实验室的建设没有相关的建筑规范,因此很多实验室在土建设计阶段,没有充分考虑到实验室对建筑的特殊要求。正确的实验室建设流程是首先进行实验室的工艺设计,然后在满足实验室工艺要求的前提下,进行实验室的土建设计。这就要求建设单位咨询的实验设计方,在项目的土建设计阶段,就及时介入。如有可能尽量带土建设计师一起参观其他单位的实验室以加深其认识。
    At present, there is no relevant building code for the construction of laboratories in China, so many laboratories do not fully consider the special requirements of laboratories for buildings in the civil engineering design stage. The correct laboratory construction process is to design the laboratory process first, and then carry out the laboratory civil design on the premise of meeting the laboratory process requirements. This requires the construction unit to consult the professional experimental designer and timely intervene in the civil engineering design stage of the project. If possible, take the civil engineering designer to visit the laboratories of other units to deepen their understanding.