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  • 手术室施工设计要注意哪几个事项?
    来源:http://www.jnyhrs.com 浏览: 发布日期:2021-11-25
    (1)墙面和天花板采用可隔音、坚实、光滑、无空隙、放火、防湿、易清洁的材料。颜色采用淡蓝、淡绿为宜。墙角呈圆形,防止积灰。观片灯及药品柜、操作台等应设在墙内。
    (1) The wall and ceiling shall be made of sound insulation, solid, smooth, no gap, arson, moisture-proof and easy to clean materials. The color should be light blue and light green. The wall corner is round to prevent ash accumulation. Film viewing lamp, medicine cabinet, console, etc. shall be set in the wall.
    (2)门应宽大、无门槛,便于平车出进,应避免使用易摆动的弹簧门,以防气流使尘土及细菌飞扬。窗应双层,建议使用铝合金窗框,有利防尘保温。窗玻璃以茶色为宜。
    (2) The door shall be wide and have no threshold to facilitate the entry and exit of flat cars. The spring door easy to swing shall be avoided to prevent dust and bacteria from flying due to air flow. The window shall be double-layer, and it is recommended to use aluminum alloy window frame, which is conducive to dust prevention and thermal insulation. The window glass should be brown.
    (3)走廊宽度应不少于2.5m,便于平车运转及避免来往人员碰撞。
    (3) The width of the corridor shall not be less than 2.5m to facilitate the flat car operation and avoid the collision of passing personnel.
    (4)地应采用坚硬、光滑易刷洗的材料建造。地面稍倾斜向一角,低处设地漏,利于排出污水,排水孔加盖,以免污染空气进入室内或被异物堵塞。
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    (4) The floor shall be constructed of hard, smooth and easy to brush materials. The ground is slightly inclined to a corner, and a floor drain is set at the lower part to facilitate the discharge of sewage. The drainage hole is covered to prevent polluted air from entering the room or being blocked by foreign matters.
    (5)电源:应有双相供电设施,以保证安全运转。各手术间应有足够的电插座,便于各种仪器设备的供电。插座应有防火花装置,手术间地面有导电设备,以防火花引起爆炸。电插座应加盖密封,防止进水,避免电路发生故障影响手术。总电源线集中设在墙内,吸引及氧气管道装置都应设在墙内。
    (5) Power supply: dual phase power supply facilities shall be provided to ensure safe operation. Each operating room shall have sufficient electric sockets to facilitate the power supply of various instruments and equipment. The socket shall be provided with fireproof flower device, and the ground of the operating room shall be provided with conductive equipment to prevent explosion caused by sparks. The electric socket shall be covered and sealed to prevent water from entering and avoid circuit failure affecting the operation. The main power line shall be centrally set in the wall, and the central suction and oxygen pipeline devices shall be set in the wall.
    (6)照明设施:普通照明灯应安装在墙壁或房顶。手术照明灯应安装子母无影灯,并备用升降照明灯。
    (6) Lighting facilities: ordinary lighting lamps shall be installed on the wall or roof. The operation lamp shall be equipped with child and bus shadowless lamp and standby lifting lamp.
    (7)水源和防火设施:各工作间应安装自来水龙头,便于冲洗。走廊及辅助间应装置灭火器,保证安全。冷热水及高压蒸气应有充分保证。
    (7) Water source and fire prevention facilities: water taps shall be installed in each workshop to facilitate flushing. Fire extinguishers shall be installed in corridors and auxiliary rooms to ensure safety. Hot and cold water and high-pressure steam shall be fully guaranteed.
    (8)通风过滤除菌装置:现代手术室应建立完善的通风过滤除菌装置,使空气净化。其通风方式有湍流式、层流式、垂直式,可酌情选用。
    (8) Ventilation, filtration and sterilization device: a perfect ventilation, filtration and sterilization device should be established in modern operating room to purify the air. The ventilation modes include turbulent, laminar and vertical, which can be selected as appropriate.
    (9)手术室出入路线布局:出入路线的布局设计需符合功能流程与洁污分区要求,应设三条出入路线,一为工作人员出入路线,二为伤病人出入路线,三为器械敷料等循环供应路线,尽量做到隔离,避免交叉感染。
    (9) Access route layout of operating room: the layout design of access route shall meet the requirements of functional process and cleaning and pollution zoning. Three access routes shall be set, one for staff, two for injured patients, and three for circulating supply routes such as instrument dressing, so as to achieve isolation as far as possible and avoid cross infection.
    手术间的温度调节非常重要,应有冷暖气调节设备。空调机应设在上层屋顶内,室温保持在24~26℃,相对湿度以50%左右为宜。一般手术间为35~45㎡,特殊房间约60㎡,适用于体外循环手术、器官移植手术等;小手术间面积在20~30㎡。
    The temperature regulation in the operating room is very important, and there should be cold and heating regulation equipment. The air conditioner shall be set in the upper roof, the room temperature shall be kept at 24 ~ 26 ℃, and the relative humidity shall be about 50%. The general operating room is 35 ~ 45 m2, and the special room is about 60 m2, which is suitable for cardiopulmonary bypass, organ transplantation, etc; The area of small operating room is 20 ~ 30 ㎡.
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